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All conference stream presentations will be available on-demand untill 31 January 2022

  1. Funders of research on fire and emergency management increasingly want to ensure that research dollars will generate value for the emergency management sector and contribute to risk reduction. Researc ...
  2. Exhibition Viewing and Poster Session
  3. Exhibition Viewing and Poster Session
  4. Afternoon Tea
  5. Our climate is changing. Natural hazards of the future will not be the same as in the past. Some natural hazards will occur less often, while many will be more intense, happen more often, in unprecede ...
Stream 1 (plenary)
    • Stream 1 (plenary)
    • Stream 1 (plenary)
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    When two fires merge the behaviour does not conform to standard models. Large fires have the potential to become extremely destructive when they merge causing significant risks for residents and fire ...
    • Stream 1 (plenary)
    The objective of this research is to model and apply wind reduction factor (WRF) into an operational wildfire prediction model to observe the effect on fire propagation. Towards achieving this goal, w ...
    • Stream 1 (plenary)
    Crown fires in industrial pine plantations can be categorised and modelled as surface or crown fires, with fires in the latter phase spreading over a range of crown fuel involvement, from intermittent ...
    • Stream 1 (plenary)
    Several trends have recently converged to create considerable interest in enhancing collaboration in land and emergency management between government agencies and First Nations peoples in southern Aus ...
Stream 2
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    This pilot study aimed to understand worker-workplace interactions of emergency service (ES) workers in Incident Management roles within Incident Control Centres (ICCs); their impacts on health and we ...
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    Australia’s emergency management sector sits within an environment that is becoming ever more complex, dynamic, and uncertain. This is due to factors like a growing population, changing climate, socia ...
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    Following a disaster, many people find themselves in roles supporting recovery for the first time, with limited knowledge of relevant research to guide their actions. Even amongst seasoned practitione ...
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    The Black Saturday fires continue to live on in the collective memory of emergency management organisations and the Victorian communities ravaged by those fires (Dwyer and Hardy, 2016). The social imp ...
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    During the 2019-20 fire season, I was the Incident Controller (IC) for parts of the Eastern Victorian bushfires, which saw two fire line fatalities. Both occasions were among the most difficult days i ...
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    The changing risk and operational environment in which emergency management organisations find themselves is creating new needs and constraints across the sector. Communities are also changing which i ...
Stream 3
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    Firefighters generally have three goals ' protect and save lives, forest, Infrastructure, Industry, physical properties. Until recently, firefighting tools were relatively low-tech ' trucks, ladders, ...
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    Australia has been considered as one of the most fire-prone regions in the world with harsher fire weather being expected to approach the continent in the nearby future. An increase in extreme fire we ...
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    Community resilience requires community members and emergency services to cooperate. But many householders, potentially threatened by bushfire, delay their protective response even though emergency se ...
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    As bushfires continue to become more severe, there is an increasing need to understand human behaviour in these situations, and evacuation decision-making in particular. In 2020, an article was publis ...
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    The Royal Commission into National Natural Disaster Arrangements (2020) recognises the importance of accounting for seasonal populations when planning for evacuations (Ch12). This need is well underst ...
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    The trend towards a risk-based approach to fire management in Australia has intensified following inquiries into the Black Summer fires of 2019/20. While agencies and scientists have been working toge ...
Stream 4
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    Recent warnings research by Whittaker et al. (2020) found that even under catastrophic fire danger conditions, some people underestimated the severity and intensity of the fires to which they could be ...
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    Social media is an important platform for staying up to date with information and news during a crisis. This was especially the case during the 2019-20 bushfire season in Australia, which resulted in ...
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    Research on Disability Inclusive Disaster Risk Reduction (DIDRR) in Australia is confronting persistent questions impacting emergency management, including: What can people with disability do for them ...
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    It is widely recognised that recovery extends well beyond the immediate disaster aftermath and clean-up, but there is still uncertainty about how support needs shift over the medium to longer term rec ...
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    A resilient community is better able to withstand, recover and even prosper, after a major emergency or disaster. Local government is the closest level of government to the community and is responsibl ...
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    More than Australia's weather forecaster, the Bureau of Meteorology supports the community, customers and businesses to better understand weather patterns, impacts of the climate, our water supply and ...
  1. Exhibition Viewing and Poster Session
  2. Exhibition Viewing and Poster Session
  3. Afternoon Tea
Stream 1 (plenary)
    • Stream 1 (plenary)
    Understanding the impact of suicide on firefighters should and can inform the development of any fire authorities wellbeing plan. What can we learn by leaning into, not away from, the most challenging ...
    • Stream 1 (plenary)
    Two interrelated strategic priorities for FRNSW are the enhancement of its medical response capability and mental health support and resilience programs for our firefighters. After the release of its ...
    • Stream 1 (plenary)
    Everyone has an opinion that can be reinforced in the echo-chamber that is social media. In this world people’s expectations take on the standing of fact – ‘if I think it should be so then it should b ...
    • Stream 1 (plenary)
    Populist political and media (mis)interpretations concerning disasters abound, threatening rational policy and sound management. It is hard to manage impact and expectations in the face of misinformat ...
    • Stream 1 (plenary)
    The Australian Fire Danger Rating System (AFDRS) will replace the Fire Danger Ratings and associated Indices (such as Grassland Fire Danger Index and Forest Fire Danger Index) currently used by bushla ...
    • Stream 1 (plenary)
    • Stream 1 (plenary)
    It is well known that influencing human behaviour is difficult but at a time of increasing frequency and severity of natural disasters our ability to influence behaviour at a macro, community and indi ...
    • Stream 1 (plenary)
    The Australian Fire Danger Rating System (AFDRS) will replace the fire danger ratings and associated indices currently used by bushland fire management practitioners in Australia. Fire danger ratings ...
Stream 2
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    The AQFx Smoke forecasting system was originally developed to simulate smoke from prescribed burns to help make decisions about when and where to burn while minimising a community's exposure to smoke. ...
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    Australia is experiencing unprecedented extreme fire conditions that create catastrophic bushfire conditions that exceed known firefighting technologies. During the 19/20 lighting ignitions cause most ...
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    Fire and Emergency New Zealand is committed to building an organisation where everyone feels safe, welcome and included ' ensuring it is an organisation that is best placed to meet the changing needs ...
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    The Bureau of Meteorology has been producing climate outlooks for Australian climate conditions for more than twenty years. Reflecting the uncertainty beyond a week or two, these outlooks are typicall ...
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    Black Summer 2019/20 and the coronavirus pandemic (COVID-19) directly impacted Victoria's water sector, causing infrastructure damage, and threats to business continuity. It was not just good fortune ...
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    AFAC21 will focus on continual learning and delivering new and innovative approaches. Key questions include 'What can we learn from looking outside?' and 'Can we find new solutions to problems through ...
Stream 3
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    Advances in communication and information technology provide emergency managers, responders and communities with valuable assets in times of emergency. Total reliance on technology for essential commu ...
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    After being questioned about what they were to do if they saw a shark sign on the beach a member of the Nepalese community recently asked me 'I don't know, are sharks friendly or dangerous?' 'The shap ...
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    Firefighters are exposed to a wide range of chemicals including polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), organophosphate flame retardants (OPFRs) and metals. Th ...
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    Introduction Approximately thirty percent (30%) of Australian homes have Photovoltaic arrays (PV) installed and that number is increasing. The installation of Battery Energy Storage Systems (BESS) wil ...
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    Employees and volunteers in fire and emergency services are at high risk of developing mental health issues. However, not all emergency services personnel with a developing mental health condition see ...
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    Fire and Emergency New Zealand recognises the status of Māori as tangata whenua and, as such, the importance of Māori communities as key stakeholders in Fire and Emergency’s work. We have a commitment ...
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    Introduction Understanding and managing the ongoing mental health and wellbeing of fire and emergency service volunteers is critical to the sustainable continuity of these crucial services, particular ...
Stream 4
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    This is a story of impact. The impact of evidence over a four-year period from 2017 to 2021 to build tools to assist community home support providers and emergency services to deliver improved safety ...
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    Recent global trends within emergency management have seen a shift towards a sharing of responsibility between various levels of government, emergency agencies, community services, and communities the ...
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    A long-range prediction system for fire weather conditions has been developed as a new capability for Australia. Fire weather predictions from weeks to months ahead are now routinely delivered to fire ...
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    Activities to manage bushfire risk on the rural urban interface are often guided by local knowledge, policy and best practice or simply the need to do something. While based on best intentions, the ch ...
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    Aircraft have explicit fire suppression and tactical rapid response capabilities and airbases are integral in supporting essential firebombing operations. Specialised aircraft loading equipment allows ...
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    The Welfare Services Functional Area, hosted by Resilience NSW and supported by NSW Department of Communities and Justice, is responsible for the coordination and management of evacuation centres acro ...
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    Supporting people to identify and manage their risks while living in bushfire prone-area is becoming essential. Several studies have shown that a buildings bushfire risk is strongly linked to the vuln ...
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    Background   The ACT Government aims to achieve global leader status for climate change action, by committing to ambitious emission reduction targets through its ACT Climate Strategy 2019-25. The ACT' ...
Stream 5: IFE Australia Conference
Stream 5: IFE Australia Conference
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    Trust in the conformity of building products is the foundation of achieving building compliance outcomes. Recent high-profile product failures have shone a spotlight on the Australian and internationa ...
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    While the world is importantly moving towards renewable energy through the creation of new wind farms, solar power plants, battery energy storage systems (BESS), and pumped hydro projects, the focus f ...
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    On the 3rd November 2018 a large fire occurred in a factory at Seven Hills in western Sydney. The fire destroyed two buildings with a dollar loss of over $30 million. The NSW Fire and Rescue's Fire In ...
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    • Stream 5: IFE Australia Conference
    Using the 'flatten the curve' diagram as a point of reference, this presentation will frame how lessons learned from Covid-19 can be applied to making our communities more resilient to future disaster ...
    • Stream 5: IFE Australia Conference
Stream 6: Australian Disaster Resilience Conference
Stream 6: Australian Disaster Resilience Conference
    • Stream 6: Australian Disaster Resilience Conference
    Narratives are increasingly important to catalyse systemic change. A wealth of evidence demonstrates the ways in which stories help create sense and meaning for people and support decision-making. The ...
    • Stream 6: Australian Disaster Resilience Conference
    In 2016, the Australian Business Roundtable for Disaster Resilience & Safer Communities (the 'ABR') looked at how natural disasters impact mental health, domestic violence and other social issues and ...
    • Stream 6: Australian Disaster Resilience Conference
    • Stream 6: Australian Disaster Resilience Conference
    2020 clearly demonstrated that disasters don't discriminate and disasters are here to stay. The direct and indirect impacts from COVID-19 and the 2019-2020 bushfires highlighted an immediate need for ...
Stream 7: Australian Disaster Resilience Conference
    • Stream 7: Australian Disaster Resilience Conference
    Immediately following the devastating Victorian bushfires over the 2019-20 summer, Youth Affairs Council Victoria (YACVic) consulted on and developed a Youth Focused Disaster Recovery Protocol. The Pr ...
    • Stream 7: Australian Disaster Resilience Conference
    The SA Country Fire Service is employing a range of methods to engage the education and youth sector in disaster resilience education and risk reduction and using learnings to inform future activities ...
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    Despite frequent exposure to severe natural hazards including extensive and wild bushfires, tropical cyclones and floods, remote Indigenous communities across northern Australia typically have little ...
    • Stream 7: Australian Disaster Resilience Conference
    The presentation provides a comprehensive and inclusive model to bolster community resilience and regenerative capacities through the study of Resilient Byron Inc., a not-for-profit charity operating ...
    • Stream 7: Australian Disaster Resilience Conference
    This project won both the NSW Resilience Community Award and the National Resilience Community Awards for 2020. 'Ask me what I need' Autism Awareness training video for emergency services was funded b ...
    • Stream 7: Australian Disaster Resilience Conference
    For over eight decades, Bushfire Royal Commissions and other formal inquiries have repeatedly identified school-based bushfire education as a key strategy for reducing bushfire risk. In more recent ye ...
    • Stream 7: Australian Disaster Resilience Conference
    Adoption of the Ryde Resilience Plan 2030 (2020) was the culmination of a lengthy community facing process for strengthening the City's commitment to resilience for its operations, city and community. ...
    • Stream 7: Australian Disaster Resilience Conference
    Emergency managers have long grappled with reducing risk for people who are more vulnerable in disasters such as people with disability and seniors. One way is to leverage the routine interactions tha ...
  1. Drawing on his personal history as a Wiradjuri man and his professional history as a journalist reporting from conflict zones around the world, Stan Grant confronts the big questions about who we want ...
  2. Turia Pitt is living proof that, with the right mindset, anything is possible. Caught in a grassfire while competing in a 100km ultramarathon in 2011, Turia suffered full-thickness burns to 65% of her ...
  3. Exhibition Viewing and Poster Session
  4. Exhibition Viewing and Poster Session
  5. Throughout the AFAC21 program, presentations have discussed striking the balance between impact and expectations. Presentations have discussed the impacts of major events and subsequent reviews, worki ...
Stream 1 (plenary)
    • Stream 1 (plenary)
    The NSW 2019-20 fire season has been reported as extreme and extremely unusual. The scale of the fires and the demand for information and warnings had never been seen before. By November, it was clear ...
    • Stream 1 (plenary)
    'If we're going to do more, we need to know more.' Andrew Colvin, National Bushfire Recovery Coordinator The 2019/20 bushfire season was one of the most intense and sustained ever seen in Australia. T ...
    • Stream 1 (plenary)
    The Black Summer bushfires of 2019-20 were unprecedented, testing systems and stretching resources like never before. Lives were lost, homes destroyed, and by some estimates, over three billion native ...
    • Stream 1 (plenary)
    Fire and Rescue New South Wales' (FRNSW) mission is to be 'prepared for anything ' to protect the irreplaceable'. Prevention and Education is a key organisational capability. This capability requires ...
    • Stream 1 (plenary)
    The 2019/20 bush fire season started early. Extended periods of drought, a dire seasonal rainfall outlook, and dry fuels led to a perfect storm of bush fires, the likes of which had never been seen be ...
Stream 2
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    Knowledge and experience of CFA's 53,000 volunteer firefighters is a critical resource for CFA and forms a key part of our capability, not only powering mentoring and on-the-job training, but also ena ...
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    In 2020, volunteer organisations were faced with the challenge of keeping that same engagement during a global pandemic. In March 2020, Australia faced a National Emergency caused by the spread of COV ...
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    What is EM-LINK? EM-LINK is an online catalogue of the nation's emergency management spatial webservices. EM-LINK is a joint initiative between Emergency Management Australia (EMA), Emergency Manageme ...
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    The Singapore Civil Defence Force (SCDF) has seen an increasing demand for Emergency Medical Services (EMS) due to an ageing population. However, it is not sustainable to increase the ambulance fleet ...
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    Emergency management and response are inherently dangerous and complex professions. Both career and volunteer capacities require high-level expertise to accurately develop situational awareness and ma ...
Stream 3
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    Queensland is the most disaster-affected state in Australia, having been hit by more than 80 significant natural disasters in the past decade. Floods present the greatest risk of damage and destructio ...
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    This presentation will provide an overview of the development and findings of the Severe Wind Hazard Assessment for Queensland - SWHA(Q). The SWHA(Q) was a collaborative project between Geoscience Aus ...
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    Generational change and long-term resilience is possible through high-quality emergency services education. The NSW Rural Fire Service is working with the Department of Education and other educational ...
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    In 2011, Rochester was impacted by the worst floods in its history with over 200 houses inundated by flood water. This was approximately 80% of the community and the Campaspe River peaked at a 1 in 15 ...
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    Natural Disasters (ND) incur a huge amount and range of losses which are often beyond measurable yardsticks. Accounting for the exact amount and kind of losses can help in developing effective managem ...
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    When communities receive clear, consistent information that can be used to take action, people have the ability to make potentially life-saving choices before, during and after a crisis. If they are a ...
Stream 4
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    Prescribed burning is key tool used by land management agencies to reduce the threat of bushfires. To be effective, burning must be done under conditions where the landscape will burn, but fire behavi ...
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    Following the catastrophic 2019/20 Australian bushfire season, remote sensing technologies have been identified as critical tools that have the potential to revolutionise how communities prepare for, ...
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    Australia's deadliest peril, heatwave, poses an extreme risk to Western Sydney communities. A 2020 survey found Western Sydney residents perceived heatwave as a threat equal to, or larger than bushfir ...
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    The utilisation of Geospatial Intelligence to promote public safety continues to expand across the emergency management spectrum. Whilst it has been well known to utilise pre-determined mapping throug ...
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    ACT Parks and Conservation Service conducts a prescribed burning program in Namadgi National Park, a mountainous reserve managed for drinking water supply and conservation values. Each burn in the par ...
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    Following publication of the Capability Development Framework for the NSW Emergency Management Sector, Resilience NSW investigated best practice to support its implementation at a state level. At the ...
Stream 5: IFE Australia Conference
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    Major drivers for the Warren Centre Project entitled “Professionalising Fire Safety Engineering” were the Lacrosse and Grenfell building fire. At the same time, the research responded to the recommend ...
    • Stream 5: IFE Australia Conference
    In an effort to improve the condition of the planet for those that inhabit it, the heads of state met at a global meeting in 2015 to develop 17 sustainable development goals and 169 targets. These wer ...
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    Building envelope designs must achieve multiple functional requirements. Fire safety is challenged when the flammability of building components is not comprehensively characterised. When building ther ...
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    Fire Rescue Victoria (FRV) conducts post incident analyses (PIA) where structure fires have occurred and when it believes that the impact of these incidents could be prevented from reoccurring. Trigge ...
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    Technologies seems to advance very quickly, in some cases safety standards struggle to keep pace with the rapid advancement in a specific technology. In other instances, safety standards can drive the ...
    • Stream 5: IFE Australia Conference
    The growing trend of installing Building integrated photovoltaics (BiPVs) in external walls has the potential to increase the risk of fire spread. For external wall applications, BiPVs present a uniqu ...
    • Stream 5: IFE Australia Conference
    • Stream 5: IFE Australia Conference
    dampers and smoke dampers are integral components in mitigating fire and smoke spread through air-handling systems serving multiple fire separated compartments in buildings. However, smoke dampers app ...
Stream 6: Australian Disaster Resilience Conference
Stream 6: Australian Disaster Resilience Conference
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    Working as a Community Recovery Officer in a position that reports to a local government, with a community development approach is unenviably complex. These positions have one of the most challenging ...
    • Stream 6: Australian Disaster Resilience Conference
    'You cannot seek for the ideal outside the realm of reality' is a quote attributed to French Socialist Leader, Leon Blum (1872-1950). It aptly captures the challenge of supporting community-led approa ...
    • Stream 6: Australian Disaster Resilience Conference
    Emergency planning in Australia has traditionally been focused on the roles, responsibilities and strategies of emergency management agencies, with little input from community organisations, groups, b ...
    • Stream 6: Australian Disaster Resilience Conference
    Over the last decade, Australia has witnessed an increase in disasters and emergencies culminating with the 2019-2020 bushfires and the COVID-19 pandemic. Emergency recovery goes beyond survival. It i ...
    • Stream 6: Australian Disaster Resilience Conference
    Our project, Enabling Communities: From the heart of the community is supported by Victorian Government bushfire funding and covers the fire-affected communities of Corryong, Tallangatta, Mt Beauty, M ...
Stream 7: Australian Disaster Resilience Conference
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    Black Summer & the subsequent COVID pandemic were the second time in recent years that the Blue Mountains community has dealt with Recovery from a major disaster. Our community is suffering from compl ...
    • Stream 7: Australian Disaster Resilience Conference
    On the 4th of July, 2020, around 3,000 residents of inner Melbourne's public housing towers were confined to their units in the hardest lockdown imposed in the city since the beginning of the pandemic ...
    • Stream 7: Australian Disaster Resilience Conference
    While local community groups provide important resources in disaster preparedness, response, and in long-term recovery in devastated communities, often these resources are under-utilised in the Austra ...
    • Stream 7: Australian Disaster Resilience Conference
    • Stream 7: Australian Disaster Resilience Conference
    In many parts of Australia, some of the residential locations with highest flood risk are also areas with significant social and economic disadvantage. Research shows that vulnerable, disadvantaged co ...